Focus Areas

Public Health

Climate Change

Climate change is an intricate phenomenon driven by a multitude of factors that interact on a global scale. The primary catalyst is the excessive emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs) such as carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide, primarily from anthropogenic activities like burning fossil fuels, deforestation, and industrial processes. These gases trap heat in the atmosphere, leading to a shift in temperature patterns.

This global temperature shift manifests both in the atmosphere and the oceans. Rising temperatures in the atmosphere result in the warming of Earth’s surface, leading to altered weather patterns, and increased frequency of extreme events like heatwaves, droughts, and intense storms. At the same time, the oceans, acting as a heat sink, absorb excess heat. This contributes to ocean warming, which can lead to the melting of glaciers and polar ice, causing sea levels to rise. This, in turn, threatens coastal communities, exacerbates flooding, and erodes coastlines.

The effects of climate change are far-reaching and impact various sectors on a global scale. Shifts in temperature and precipitation patterns disrupt ecosystems, leading to shifts in species distribution, altered habitats, and threats to biodiversity. Coral bleaching, caused by rising ocean temperatures, jeopardises marine ecosystems and the livelihoods of communities dependent on them. Furthermore, changing climate conditions can destabilise agriculture, affecting food security and water availability, particularly in regions dependent on predictable rainfall patterns.

In response to these challenges, global communities have recognised the need for collective action. International initiatives like the Paris Agreement aim to mitigate climate change by setting targets to limit global temperature rise. Countries are working to reduce GHG emissions, transition to renewable energy sources, and implement sustainable land-use practices. Innovations in technology, such as carbon capture and storage, renewable energy advancements, and reforestation efforts, are being pursued to combat climate change's effects.

Communities are also adapting to the changing climate through resilience-building initiatives. Climate-resilient infrastructure, early warning systems, and disaster preparedness plans are being developed to minimise the impacts of extreme events. Moreover, collaborative efforts between governments, non-governmental organizations, and the private sector are fostering awareness campaigns, education programs, and public engagement to promote sustainable practices and drive behavior change.

What we are doing to the forests of the world is but a mirror reflection of what we are doing to ourselves and to one another.

-Mahatma Gandhi

As the world grapples with the complex and inter-connected challenges of climate change, a global shift towards sustainable development, renewable energy adoption, and concerted efforts to reduce GHG emissions signifies a determined response to safeguard our planet's future. Through these combined actions, the international community is striving to mitigate the impacts of climate change and ensure a more resilient and sustainable world for generations to come.

Amidst these mounting challenges, the global resolve to achieve net-zero economies gains momentum. The Paris Agreement stands as a pivotal accord, uniting nations to slash emissions and curtail global warming. Collaborative initiatives, technological innovations, and robust policy measures chart the path toward sustainability and resilience. Sankala Foundation is committed to advancing these endeavors, advocating for a harmonious coexistence between humanity and the planet.

The effects of climate change in India have been starkly observed across various sectors, signaling a pressing need for proactive measures. Rising temperatures have led to shifting weather patterns, increased heatwaves, and altered precipitation trends. These changes have disrupted agricultural practices, resulting in crop failures, reduced yields, and compromised food security. Furthermore, India's vast coastline is vulnerable to sea-level rise and intensified cyclones, posing significant risks to coastal communities, infrastructure, and economies.

The impact of climate change has been acutely felt in the Himalayan region, where glacial melt and changing precipitation patterns have led to heightened risks of glacial lake outbursts and landslides. High intensity rainfall and cyclones leading to floods as well as prolonged droughts have become very common. These events threaten lives, livelihoods, and critical water resources for downstream communities.

As a response to these challenges, the Indian government has taken many policy initiatives. The National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) outlines comprehensive strategies to mitigate GHG emissions and enhance climate resilience. The launch of the International Solar Alliance (ISA) underscores India's commitment to promote renewable energy adoption globally. Additionally, policies like the Smart Cities Mission emphasise sustainable urban planning and resilience-building in the face of climate change impacts.

To combat climate change, India is pursuing a multi-pronged approach. Strengthening disaster preparedness and early warning systems is crucial to mitigate climate-induced risks. Promoting afforestation, reforestation, and sustainable land use can help sequester carbon and enhance biodiversity. Harnessing renewable energy sources like solar, wind, and hydropower is an important step towards reducing reliance on fossil fuels. Enhancing energy efficiency in industries and households contributes to lowering emissions.

The effects of climate change have prompted shifts in India's production and consumption cycles. There's a growing recognition of the need for sustainable practices across industries. Agriculture is witnessing the adoption of climate-resilient crops, efficient irrigation systems, and organic farming techniques. Industries are gradually transitioning to cleaner technologies and energy sources to curb emissions. Urban planning is prioritising green spaces, waste management, and efficient public transportation to reduce carbon footprints.

Education and awareness campaigns play a significant role in fostering sustainable behaviors and driving public participation. Encouraging responsible consumption, waste reduction, and adopting eco-friendly practices are integral aspects of combating climate change at the grassroots level. Collaborative efforts between governments, private sector, civil society, and international partnerships are essential for implementing effective climate mitigation and adaptation strategies.

In conclusion, the impacts of climate change in India are tangible and far-reaching, affecting sectors vital to the nation's progress and well-being. Through robust policy frameworks, shifts in production and consumption patterns, and proactive strategies, India is taking determined steps to mitigate these impacts and foster a more sustainable and resilient future.

Sankala Foundation is dedicated to contributing to addressing the multifaceted challenges of climate change in India. Our focus areas encompass comprehensive climate resilience initiatives, ranging from community-based adaptation strategies to advocating for sustainable policies. We prioritise promoting renewable energy adoption, supporting climate-smart agriculture practices, and fostering ecosystem restoration. Collaborating with local communities, governmental bodies, and research institutions, we aim to enhance disaster preparedness, create climate-resilient urban environments, and drive public awareness campaigns on climate change impacts. Sankala Foundation is committed to pioneering innovative solutions, empowering vulnerable regions, and influencing policies that ensure a sustainable and resilient future for India in the face of still emerging climate challenges.